最早传播西方进化论的先驱严复_人文世界之最

编者:人文学者 来源:最有料 时间:2015-01-21 16:21 最签:最早 浏览:

传播西方进化论的先驱 传播西方进化论的先驱是近代著名启蒙思想家,翻译家严复(1853- 严复又称“严天演”(因译过著名的《天演论》而得名).福建侯官县 (今闽侯)^。福州船政学

  

传播西方进化论的先驱 严复

 

  传播西方进化论的先驱 严复传播西方进化论的先驱A pioneer of the spread of western theory of evolution pioneer Yan Fu spread of western theory of evolution

  传播西方进化论的先驱是近代著名启蒙思想家,翻译家严复(1853- 严复又称“严天演”(因译过著名的《天演论》而得名).福建侯官县The spread of western theory of evolution is the pioneer of Modern Enlightenment thinker, translator Yan Fu 1853- Yan Fu (also called "Yan days forward" (named forthe famous "translated tianyanlun" Hou Guan County in Fujian).

  (今闽侯)^。福州船政学堂的第一届毕业生,后留学英国海军学校。1879年,严复学成归国,担任北洋永师学堂总教习,后升任总办。1894年中日战争后,发表《论世变之亟》,《原强》、《辟韩》、《救亡决论》等论文,译《天演论》,疾呼救亡图强,提倡民主思想,反对封建专制,以“物竞天择,适者生存”的论点,号召^们“与天争胜”,对当时思想界影响很大。但他同时也宣扬了庸俗进化论和“是实非幻也,惟意而已”等唯心主义观点。戊戌变法后,翻译《原富》、《群学肄言》、《法意》、《穆勒拓学》等,传播西方政治经济思想和逻辑学。辛蛮革命后,思想日趋保守。著有《衙壁堂诗集》、《严琏道诗文钞》等,著译编为《侯官严氏丛刊》、《严译名著丛刊》。(now Minhou) ^. The first graduates of Fuzhou shipping school, after studying theBritish navy school. In 1879, Yan Fu returned, as the permanent division of Beiyangschool instructor, after he was promoted to secretary. The Sino Japanese war in 1894,published "on the change of world urgent", "original", "Han", "national salvation willprovision on" and other papers, translation of "Tianyan", saying of saving our country,advocate democracy thought, against the feudal autocracy, "natural selection, survival of the fittest" argument, they call ^ "and the day win" of the thought circle of great influence. But he also preaches a vulgar evolutionism and "is the real magic, but theidea" the idealist view. After the reform movement of 1898, the translation of "wealth","the study of sociology", "law", "the Muller extension", the spread of Western political and economic thought and logic. Symplectic pretty revolution, thought more conservative. Author of "Ya Tang poetry", "wall Yan Lian Tao Poetry notes", "Hou Guan Yan's translation for series", "strict translation of classics series".

  严复(1854.1.8—1921.10.27),原名宗光,字又陵,后改名复,字几道,福建侯官人Yan Fu (1854.1.8 1921.10.27), Harana Muneko, and the tombs of the word, later renamed the complex, a few words road, Fujian Hou Guan people

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