世界最早发明传世造纸术者蔡伦_工业世界之最

编者:化学学者 来源:最有料 时间:2015-01-21 16:20 最签:最早 浏览:

蔡伦,字敬仲,东汉(25—220年)桂阳(今湖南郴州) 人,121年卒。和帝时为中常侍,曾任主管制造御用器物的尚方 令。114年(安帝元初元年)封龙亭侯。他于105年发明了全球最早的传

  蔡伦,字敬仲,东汉(25—220年)桂阳(今湖南郴州) 人,121年卒。和帝时为中常侍,曾任主管制造御用器物的尚方 令。114年(安帝元初元年)封龙亭侯。他于105年发明了全球最早的传世造纸术。现被国际学者排为世界第一位发明家,中国笫二位历史名人,世界笫7位历史名人。他是世界最早犮明传世造纸术者。

世界最早发明传世造纸术者蔡伦

  永元四年(92),蔡伦任尚方令后,利用供职之便,常到乡间作坊察看,见蚕妇缫丝漂絮后,竹簟上尚留下一层短毛丝絮,揭下似缣帛,可以用来书写,从而得到启发,便收集树皮、废麻、破布、旧鱼网等原料,在宫廷作坊施以锉、煮、浸、捣、抄等法,试用植物纤维造纸,终于造出植物纤维纸。元兴元年(105),他将造纸过程、方法写成奏章,连同造出来的植物纤维纸,呈报汉和帝,和帝大加赞赏,蔡伦造纸术很快传开。人们把这种纸称为“蔡侯纸”,全国“莫不从用焉”。

  蔡伦这一改进,成为中国古代四大发明之一,对人类文明作出了巨大的贡献。美国人麦克·哈特在《影响人类历史进程的100名人排行榜》中,将蔡伦排在第七位,远远排在我们熟知的哥伦布、爱因斯坦、达尔文之前。2007年,美国《时代》周刊评选和公布人类“有史以来最佳发明家”,蔡伦又榜上有名。2008年北京奥运会开幕式,特别展示了蔡伦发明的造纸术。

  Cai Lun, the word Jing Zhong, the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 - 220) of Guiyang(now Hunan Chenzhou) people, died 121. And the emperor for the oftenpaternity, he was head of the imperial order of manufacturing artifacts queen. In 114 years (an Diyuan sealing dragon pavilions at the beginning of the first year).He invented the world's first handed down the paper-making in 105 years. We areinternational scholars row for the world the first inventor, China the two celebrities, the world the 7 celebrities. He is the world's earliest papermaking werehanded down Quan ming.

  The world's earliest inventions papermaking Cai Lun handed down

  Yong yuan four years (92), Cai Lun was appointed the imperial order, use theservice to the countryside workshops will look, see Canfu reeling floating floc,Zhudian still leave a short silk wadding, peeled off like silk, can be used to writing,thus inspired, he collected bark, hemp, rags, old waste fishing nets and other materials, to file, boiling, dipping, ramming and reading method in the palace workshops, application of plant fiber paper, finally made the plant fiber paper.Yuan Xing first year (105), he will be written in papermaking process, method ofthe memorial, along with made of plant fiber paper, reporting and the emperor,and the emperor praised Cai Lun papermaking spread quickly. People call thispaper called "Cai Houzhi", the national "is from the use of it".

  Cai Lun this improvement, become one of the four great inventions of ancient China, has made a great contribution to human civilization. American Mike Hart inthe course of human history "effect of the 100 list", Cai Lun will be ranked in seventh place, far ahead of known as the Columbo, Einstein, Darwin. In 2007, the U.S. "time" magazine selected and published the human "best ever inventor", Cai Lun was on the list. The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games opening ceremony,especially shows Cai Lun invented papermaking.

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