世界最大的丝织挂毯_工业世界之最

编者:化学学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-07 20:46 最签:最大 浏览:

世界最大的丝织挂毯 《旋律》丝织挂毯,1989年制成,设计中央美术学院,江苏 南通市如皋工艺纥毯总厂承制。毯长3.38米,宽14.6米,总面积 为49. 3平方米,是迄今为止世界最大的丝织挂

  世界最大的丝织挂毯

  《旋律》丝织挂毯,1989年制成,设计中央美术学院,江苏 南通市如皋工艺纥毯总厂承制。毯长3.38米,宽14.6米,总面积 为49. 3平方米,是迄今为止世界最大的丝织挂毯。

世界最大的丝织挂毯

  挂毯属于地毯家族,新疆民丰和青海都兰,都出土过约在两千年前织成的地毯残片。唐代诗人白居易,曾写出《红丝毯》一诗,形容说:“彩丝茸茸香拂拂”。宋代,盛产蚕丝的浙江,就出现了丝织挂毯。

  挂毯也叫壁毯。名贵的金丝挂毯是用真丝和金银线编成,绒头长,色泽艳,构图典雅,富于东方情调(源自波斯)。前些年,京津市场上,一种名为丝织天鹅绒的挂毯很多,

  它是用棉纱为底背,用人造丝、人造毛为绒经织成的,很有“老相”,但生产的时间都是二十世纪下半叶。

  丝织挂毯的工序很繁复,材料应是蚕丝,用植物颜料染色;经线、纬线和编织用的搓线都是真丝。编织的准备工序是:上经、整经、引经、打底子、画样;编织工序:拴头(打给)、撩边、过纬、剪荒毛(去掉不合规格的线头),最后才剪经下活。

  丝织挂毯主要分三类:波斯式,京彩式,美术式。

  挂毯的规格、标准,也像地毯一样,要求达到多少“道”,即每一平方面积,用手工要拴多少给(拴头)。道数越高,工艺越精。丝织挂毯,少的有一百二十道,多的有三百道以上。改革开放后,丝织挂毯的大宗产地是浙江(生产蚕丝多)、河北省涿县、江苏省泰县,边远省份也有生产。

  老的丝织挂毯一直算文物。但老不是“旧”。京彩图案多为玉兰、灵芝、竹子、

  The world's largest silk tapestry

  "Melody" silk tapestry, made in 1989, design of China Central Academy of Fine Arts, Jiangsu Nantong Rugao craft Heliopolis Carpet General Factory system.The blanket is 3.38 meters long, 14.6 meters wide, a total area of 49.3 squaremeters, is by far the world's largest silk tapestry.

  The world's largest silk tapestry

  Belonging to the family tapestry carpet, Xinjiang Minfeng and Qinghai Dulan haveunearthed pieces of carpet, about two thousand years ago, woven. Tang Dynasty poet Bai Juyi wrote "red carpet", a poem, says: "the color silk soft and thickfragrant baboons". The Song Dynasty, the rich silk Zhejiang, appeared a silktapestry.

  Also called tapestry tapestry. Rare Watkins tapestry is compiled, with silk andgold and silver thread pile length, brilliant color, composition and elegant, full ofOriental (from the Persian). A few years ago, Beijing and Tianjin market, calledsilk velvet tapestries a lot,

  It is back to the bottom with cotton yarn with rayon, artificial wool for pile warpwoven, is "old", but the production time is the second half of the twentieth Century.

  Silk tapestry process is very complicated, material should be silk dyeing with plantpigments; thread by latitude and longitude are silk, woven. Preparation process of weaving is: through, warping, cited by, sketch, drawing; weaving process: thetethered head (call), Liao edge, weft, shear shortage hair (remove thesubstandard thread), and finally cut the living.

  Silk tapestry is mainly divided into three categories: Persian, Beijing color type,art type.

  Tapestry specifications, standards, and also like a carpet, to meet the requirements of "Tao", that is, how much per square area, by hand to be tied tohow much to give (Shuan Tou). The channel number is higher, more refinedprocess. Silk tapestry, few have one hundred and twenty Road, there are more than three hundred more than. After the reform and opening up, the bulk of the origin of silk tapestry is Zhejiang (silk production much), Hebei Province, Jiangsu Province, Tai county Zhuoxian, outlying provinces also have production.

  Silk tapestry old has been considered the cultural relics. But the old is not old".Beijing color patterns for magnolia, Ganoderma lucidum, bamboo,

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