世界海拔最高的河流_地理世界之最

编者:地理学者 来源:最有料 时间:2014-12-05 10:42 最签:最高 浏览:

雅鲁藏布江是中国最长的高原河流,位于西藏自治区,也是世界上海拔最高的河流,属印度洋水系。 发源于西藏西南部喜马拉雅山北麓的杰马央宗冰川,上游称为马泉河,自西向东横贯

  雅鲁藏布江是中国最长的高原河流,位于西藏自治区,也是世界上海拔最高的河流,属印度洋水系。

  

雅鲁藏布江

 

  发源于西藏西南部喜马拉雅山北麓的杰马央宗冰川,上游称为马泉河,自西向东横贯西藏南部,绕过喜马拉雅山脉最东端的南迦巴瓦峰转向南流,经巴昔卡出中国境在东径95°以东急转南流,流入印度,称布拉马普特拉河,流经孟加拉国与恒河相汇,最后注入印度洋孟加拉湾。

  雅鲁藏布江流域平均海拔4000米以上,流域面积24.048万平方千米,居中国各大河流第五位,长2057千米,居中国第六位,年径流量约1395亿立方米,居中国第三位。

  

雅鲁藏布江

 

  源头海拔约5590米,流出国境处海拔仅150多米,总落差达5400多米,为中国坡降最陡的大河。水能丰富,全流域水能蕴藏量超过1.1亿千瓦,约占中国的1/6,其中干流水能蕴藏量近0.8亿千瓦,居全国第二位,在中国仅次于长江,以单位河长或单位流域面积的水能蕴藏量计算,为中国各大河流之首。支流有年楚河、拉萨河、帕隆藏布等。

  同时雅鲁藏布江大拐弯处的雅鲁藏布江大峡谷是世界第一大峡谷,获得中国世界纪录协会的世界最深大峡谷、世界最长大峡谷两项世界纪录的认证。

  The Yarlung Zangbo River is the longest river China plateau, located in the Tibetautonomous region, is also the world's highest River, belongs to India ocean water.

  Originated in the southwest of Tibet in northern Himalaya Range Jie Ma Yangzongglacier, upstream called Maquan River, from west to east across southern Tibet,bypassing the easternmost of the Himalaya mountains Namjagbarwa turning south,through Pasighat out China exit in 95 degrees east east drive sharp South Stream,flows into India, known as the Brahmaputra the river flows through Ganges RIver,Bangladesh and sinks at last into India ocean, the bay of bengal.

  The Yarlung Zangbo River Basin average more than 4000 meters above sea level,the valley area of 240480 square kilometers, ranking the fifth China major rivers, 2057 km long, in Chinese sixth, annual runoff volume of about 139500000000 cubic meters,ranking the Chinese third.

  The source of about 5590 meters above sea level, the outflow of Frontier elevation of only 150 meters, the total drop of 5400 meters, is China gradient steepest river. Wateris abundant, the whole basin water reserves of more than 110000000 kilowatts,accounting for about China's 1/6, the dry water reserves of nearly 80000000 kilowatts,ranking the second in the country, in China after the Yangtze River, with a unit of areariver length or unit basin hydropower reserves calculation, for the Chinese the firstRiver flow. A tributary Nianchu River, Lhasa River, Palongzangbu etc..

  At the same time, the Yarlung Zangbo River Grand bend in the Yarlung Zangbo River Grand Canyon is the world's first Grand Canyon, won the China World Record Association of the world's most deep canyon, the world's growing up Canyon two world record certification.

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